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Suicidal and non-fatal suicide behaviour are serious concerns facing many countries. They take immense emotional toll on the friends and family of the victims and especially on those who have survived such attempts. A suicide is a purposeful act of self-harm undertaken with the expectation that it would be fatal. Non-fatal suicide behaviour (NFSB), on the other hand, is defined as suicidal thoughts, plans and attempts to inflict bodily harm or even die. NFSB is far more prevalent than suicides and it was believed that for every suicide, there were 10 to 20 attempted suicides in 2014. According to the World Health Organisation, over 800,000 people die out of suicides every year and hence, as many as 16 million people attempt to kill themselves. Both suicides and NFSBs have follow on effects that impact the livelihoods of many individuals including friends, family, clinicians, colleagues, coronial staffs, first responders, volunteers etc.
Costing Methodology and Estimates for India
Potential Impact of Implementing a Workplace Suicide Prevention Scheme
It must be noted that the cost of death is a notional concept and any methodology adopted cannot be perfect. Moreover, the costs and benefits associated with suicides and the prevention schemes will vary from age, sex, capacity, economic status, etc. The computations used by Poduri (2016) and Kinchin and Doran (2017) are based on many assumptions that are inevitable in such an analysis and hence, gives only an approximate estimate of the costs of suicides.